What is Gum Disease?

Gum diseases (also known as periodontal diseases) are a group of diseases that affect the tissues that support and anchor the teeth. Left untreated, gum disease results in the destruction of the gums, alveolar bone (the part of the jaw where the teeth arise), and the outer layer of the tooth root.  Most people do not feel a thing because the disease is usually painless.  However, gum disease is serious and can cause tooth loss if not treated. It begins when bacteria forms under the gum tissue from improper brushing and flossing.  Your hygienist and dentist examine your gum tissue at regular checkups to see if you have healthy gums.

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